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28 February 2018 Profiles of circular RNAs in human placenta and their potential roles related to preeclampsia
Yuxiang Bai, Haiying Rao, Wei Chen, Xin Luo, Chao Tong, Hongbo Qi
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Abstract

To identify the profiles of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in human placental tissues and to explore the potential roles of dysregulated circRNAs in the pathological genesis of preeclampsia, expression profiles of circRNAs in human placentas were performed in this study. Utilizing high-throughput technology, based on fold changes and P values, 300 circRNAs that are differentially expressed between preeclampsia and normal placental tissues were identified. Among them, hg38 circ 0014736 and hsa circ 0015382 were validated as significantly upregulated by real-time quantitative PCR with divergent primers. At the same time, hsa circ 0007121 was significantly downregulated. GO analysis revealed that the three altered circRNAs had a relationship with transcription regulation, proliferation, protein binding, and response to hypoxia. KEGG analysis yielded that apoptosis, Wnt signaling, and HIF-1 pathways were significantly enriched. Interestingly, hsa circ 0007121 was found to be expressed differently in plasma between preeclampsia and normal pregnancy and this difference could be detected before 20 gestational weeks. Besides, addition receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve of hsa circ 0007121 reached 0.72 ([0.59–0.85], P = 0.004) with a sensitivity of 0.77 and specificity of 0.70. Collectively, this study demonstrates the existence of dysregulated circRNAs in the placenta of preeclampsia patients and annotates their potential roles in the pathogenesis of the disease. Encouragingly, hsa circ 0007121 was found to be a potential noninvasive biomarker for the prediction of preeclampsia.

Summary Sentence

Dysregulated circRNAs that were identified in the placenta of preeclampsia patients might participate in its pathogenesis and be a potential noninvasive biomarker of the disease.

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Society for the Study of Reproduction. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
Yuxiang Bai, Haiying Rao, Wei Chen, Xin Luo, Chao Tong, and Hongbo Qi "Profiles of circular RNAs in human placenta and their potential roles related to preeclampsia," Biology of Reproduction 98(5), 705-712, (28 February 2018). https://doi.org/10.1093/biolre/ioy034
Received: 5 August 2017; Accepted: 27 February 2018; Published: 28 February 2018
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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