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13 March 2018 Uterine function in the mouse requires speckle-type poz protein
Lan Hai, Maria M. Szwarc, Bin He, David M. Lonard, Ramakrishna Kommagani, Francesco J. DeMayo, John P. Lydon
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Abstract

Speckle-type poz protein (SPOP) is an E3-ubiquitin ligase adaptor for turnover of a diverse number of proteins involved in key cellular processes such as chromatin remodeling, transcriptional regulation, and cell signaling. Genomic analysis revealed that SPOP somatic mutations are found in a subset of endometrial cancers, suggesting that these mutations act as oncogenic drivers of this gynecologic malignancy. These studies also raise the question as to the role of wild-type SPOP in normal uterine function. To address this question, we generated a mouse model (Spopd/d) in which SPOP is ablated in uterine cells that express the PGR. Fertility studies demonstrated that SPOP is required for embryo implantation and for endometrial decidualization. Molecular analysis revealed that expression levels of the PGR at the protein and transcript level are significantly reduced in the Spopd/d uterus. While this result was unexpected, this finding explains in part the dysfunctional phenotype of the Spopd/d uterus. Moderate increased levels of the ESR1, GATA2, and SRC2 were detected in the Spopd/d uterus, suggesting that SPOP is required to maintain the proteome for normal uterine function. With age, the Spopd/d endometrium exhibits large glandular cysts with foci of epithelial proliferation, further supporting a role for SPOP in maintaining a healthy uterus. Collectively, studies on the Spopd/d mouse support an important role for SPOP in normal uterine function and suggest that this mouse model may prove useful to study the role of SPOP-loss-of-function mutations in the etiopathogenesis of endometrial cancer.

Summary Sentence

SPOP is required for embryo implantation, endometrial decidualization, and uterine health in the mouse

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Society for the Study of Reproduction. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com
Lan Hai, Maria M. Szwarc, Bin He, David M. Lonard, Ramakrishna Kommagani, Francesco J. DeMayo, and John P. Lydon "Uterine function in the mouse requires speckle-type poz protein ," Biology of Reproduction 98(6), 856-869, (13 March 2018). https://doi.org/10.1093/biolre/ioy060
Received: 9 January 2018; Accepted: 6 March 2018; Published: 13 March 2018
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