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24 May 2018 S100a4 promotes the development of lipopolysaccharide-induced mouse endometritis
Yingjie Wu, Jinhua Zhang, Yinghe Qin
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S100A4 is suggested to be a critical regulator of tumor metastasis, and implicated in progression of inflammation. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression and possible role of S100A4 in endometritis. Using amousemodel of endometritis induced by local injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we found that infection induced recruitment of S100A4-positive cells in the endometrium of wild-type mice. Deficiency of S100A4 reduced uterine pathological reaction and mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β and TNF-α (P < 0.01), suggesting S100A4 promoted the progression of endometritis. To further explore the potential mechanism, we examined the cellular proliferation and apoptosis in the endometrium. Western blot and immunohistochemical results showed that cell apoptosis in uterus during endometritis, marked by cleaved-Caspase 3 protein, was significantly cut down in S100a4/ mice; cell proliferation, which was indicated by Ki-67, was also significantly decreased in the inflamed endometrial stroma of S100a4/ mice. Overall, these results demonstrate that S100A4 promotes the development of LPS-induced endometritis, and it may be related to the process of cell proliferation and apoptosis during the inflammation.

Summary Sentence

S100A4, which was increased in LPS-infected mouse endometrium, contributes to the development of endometritis.

© The Author(s) 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Society for the Study of Reproduction. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
Yingjie Wu, Jinhua Zhang, and Yinghe Qin "S100a4 promotes the development of lipopolysaccharide-induced mouse endometritis," Biology of Reproduction 99(5), 960-967, (24 May 2018).
Received: 17 January 2018; Accepted: 23 May 2018; Published: 24 May 2018
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