Ticks are important vectors of disease-causing pathogens of humans, wildlife, and livestock. Reducing tick abundance is an important but elusive goal. Chemical pesticides applied to habitats occupied by ticks can be effective but appear to have significant negative effects on nontarget organisms. Devices that apply insecticides directly to vertebrate hosts for ticks reduce nontarget effects, and recent field tests support their effectiveness, but securing the devices and avoiding food subsidies to tick hosts remain significant challenges. Recent research has identified several types of organisms that show potential as biological control agents for ticks. Probably the most promising are the entomopathogenic fungi Metarhizium anisopliae and Beauveria bassiana, which laboratory studies indicate are often highly lethal to several different tick species at multiple life stages. The few field tests undertaken show somewhat weaker impacts on tick survival, but suggest that the effectiveness of these fungi in controlling ticks could be enhanced by (a) identifying or selecting for highly lethal strains; (b) applying fungal spores directly to vertebrate hosts for ticks; and (c) optimizing the dose, delivery medium, and seasonal timing for environmental deployment. Thus both host-targeted chemical control and biocontrol of ticks show much promise, and would benefit from further research.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 56 • No. 5