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1 July 2013 Incorporating Socioeconomic and Political Drivers of International Collaboration into Marine Conservation Planning
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Abstract

International collaboration can be crucial in determining the outcomes of conservation actions. Here, we propose a framework for incorporating demographic, socioeconomic, and political data into conservation prioritization in complex regions shared by multiple countries. As a case study, we quantitatively apply this approach to one of the world's most complex and threatened biodiversity hotspots: the Mediterranean Basin. Our analysis of 22 countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea showed that the strongest economic, trade, tourism, and political ties are clearly among the three northwestern countries of Italy, France, and Spain. Although economic activity between countries is often seen as a threat, it may also serve as an indicator of the potential of collaboration in conservation. Using data for threatened marine vertebrate species, we show how areas prioritized for conservation shift spatially when economic factors are used as a surrogate to favor areas where collaborative potential in conservation is more likely.

©2013 by American Institute of Biological Sciences. All rights reserved. Request permission to photocopy or reproduce article content at the University of California Press's Rights and Permissions Web site at www.ucpressjournals.com/reprintinfo.asp.
Noam Levin, Ayesha I. T. Tulloch, Ascelin Gordon, Tessa Mazor, Nils Bunnefeld, and Salit Kark "Incorporating Socioeconomic and Political Drivers of International Collaboration into Marine Conservation Planning," BioScience 63(7), 547-563, (1 July 2013). https://doi.org/10.1525/bio.2013.63.7.8
Published: 1 July 2013
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