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1 September 2004 The Role of Canopy Ants in Removing Ficus perforata Seeds from Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata mexicana) Feces at Los Tuxtlas, México
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Abstract

We analyzed Ficus perforata seed removal by canopy ants under four treatments: syconia seeds; howler monkey-defecated washed seeds; syconia seeds with howler dung; and defecated seeds with howler dung. Ants removed more defecated washed seeds in the wet season, while during the dry season, removal was greater for syconia seeds and defecated washed seeds. Our results suggest that ants tended to remove more seeds when they were not embedded in feces; however, even seeds set on howler dung were still attractive to ants.

Rodolfo Martínez-Mota, Juan Carlos Serio-Silva, and Víctor Rico-Gray "The Role of Canopy Ants in Removing Ficus perforata Seeds from Howler Monkey (Alouatta palliata mexicana) Feces at Los Tuxtlas, México," BIOTROPICA 36(3), 429-432, (1 September 2004). https://doi.org/10.1646/03155
Received: 11 September 2003; Accepted: 1 April 2004; Published: 1 September 2004
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