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23 May 2022 The pollination ecology of Phemeranthus punae (Montiaceae) in southern Bolivia
Urs Eggli, Mario Giorgetta
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Phemeranthus punae (R.E.Fr.) Eggli & Nyffeler (Montiaceae) is a perennial geophytic herb from the pre-Puna vegetation in the Andes of south-west Bolivia and north-west Argentina. Flowering plants have been observed for several seasons. Flowers are almost exclusively visited by at least three species of ants (Formicidae: likely Forelius pruinosus Roger, Linepithema sp. and Camponotus bruchi Forel). The ants move freely and rapidly on the plants and switch to neighbouring plants within less than five seconds. Pollen grains adhere to legs and bodies of the ants, which visit the flowers to feed on the nectar. The low stature of P. punae, its horizontally spreading to ascending inflorescences and the small flowers conform to the ant pollination syndrome characteristics formulated by Hickman (1974). It is concluded that the observed ants are the pollinators of the species in the study area.

Urs Eggli and Mario Giorgetta "The pollination ecology of Phemeranthus punae (Montiaceae) in southern Bolivia," Bradleya 2022(40), 99-112, (23 May 2022).
Received: 26 January 2021; Published: 23 May 2022
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