In this review, we provide thorough descriptions of the 39 named species of the family Dactyloidae (commonly referred to as anoles) we recognize as occurring in Honduras. We follow two recent phylogenetic analyses suggesting eight genera of anoles are recognizable, two of which occur in Honduras (Anolis and Norops). Each species account contains a synonymy, statements on its geographic distribution, description, diagnosis/similar species statements, a list of illustrations, a remarks section, natural history comments, an etymology section, and a list of specimens examined; for a few species, a list of other records is included. The synonymy for each species includes the original description of the species with the original proposed combination, the type specimen(s), and direct quotes of the species' type locality. Each synonymy also includes the first use of the currently used scientific name and all known references to Honduran specimens and/or localities. Distribution maps with the known Honduran localities plotted are included for each species (with one exception), and other records are included on a few of those maps. Color photographs of an adult of each species are included as well as color photographs of the male dewlap of all species. Following the species accounts are two dichotomous identification keys (English and Spanish versions) to help the reader identify any specimen in hand. Following the identification keys is a section on species group relationships of each species known from the country. A distribution section that contains the distribution of each anole species in Honduras by department, forest formation, elevation, physiographic region, and ecophysiographic area; broad patterns of geographic distribution; historical units; and a discussion of Honduras as a distributional endpoint. A section on conservation discusses vulnerability gauges, IUCN Red List categories, and a section detailing each species' occurrence in Honduran protected areas.
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