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1 April 2015 Removal Efforts and Ecosystem Effects of Invasive Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) in Topanga Creek, California
Crystal Garcia, Elizabeth Montgomery, Jenna Krug, Rosi Dagit
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Abstract

Red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) were first recorded in Topanga Creek in 2001. When the onset of drought in Southern California resulted in low flows and warming water temperatures from 2011–2014, the population rapidly increased. Within the Santa Monica Mountains, P. clarkii has been linked to diminishing numbers of California newt (Taricha torosa), a species of special concern (Kats et al. 2013). To address these concerns, a student-based citizen science program was conducted from November 2013 through April 2014 to remove crayfish from a 200 m reach of Topanga Creek. The following data was collected and compared between the removal reach and an upstream, adjacent 200 meter non-removal reach (control): water quality (temperature, salinity, pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, turbidity), nutrient levels (nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, orthophosphate), benthic macroinvertebrate community metrics, crayfish demographics and catch-per unit effort (removal reach only). The results indicate that red swamp crayfish presence or removals do not affect water quality or nutrient levels in Topanga Creek. However, benthic macroinvertebrate communities were significantly different between reaches; the presence of crayfish correlated with lower BMI abundance and species richness, higher proportion of tolerant taxa, and lower feeding group complexity.

© Southern California Academy of Sciences, 2015
Crystal Garcia, Elizabeth Montgomery, Jenna Krug, and Rosi Dagit "Removal Efforts and Ecosystem Effects of Invasive Red Swamp Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) in Topanga Creek, California," Bulletin, Southern California Academy of Sciences 114(1), 12-21, (1 April 2015). https://doi.org/10.3160/0038-3872-114.1.12
Published: 1 April 2015
JOURNAL ARTICLE
10 PAGES


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