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1 March 2013 Effects of distillers' dried grains with solubles on behavior of sows kept in a group-housed system with electronic sow feeders or individual stalls
Y. Z. Li, C. E. Phillips, L. H. Wang, X. L. Xie, S. K. Baidoo, G. C. Shurson, L. J. Johnston
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Abstract

Li, Y. Z., Phillips, C. E., Wang, L. H., Xie, X. L., Baidoo, S. K., Shurson, G. C. and Johnston, L. J. 2013. Effects of distillers' dried grains with solubles on behavior of sows kept in a group-housed system with electronic sow feeders or individual stalls. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 93: 57-66. A study was conducted to investigate the effects of diets that contained distillers' dried grains with solubles (DDGS) on stereotypic behaviors of gestating sows housed in stalls and aggression in a group-housed system. Sows were fed corn-soybean-based control (CON) or treatment (DDGS) diets starting from their previous breeding cycle (40% and 20% DDGS as-fed basis during gestation and lactation, respectively). Group-housed sows were mixed in pens with an electronic sow feeder within 1 wk after mating. Behaviors of focal sows (n=27 in stalls, n=40 in pens) were video-recorded for a period of 24 h between 4 and 8 d after mating. Salivary cortisol levels were measured on 32 focal sows (n=16 in stalls, n=16 in pens) during the week before mating (week 0), 1 wk and 12 wk after mating. In pens, DDGS sows fought for longer periods (P=0.05), tended to fight more frequently (P=0.06), and had greater cortisol concentrations (P<0.001) at mixing compared with CON sows. In stalls, DDGS sows spent more time resting (P=0.02), less time performing stereotypies (P=0.05), and had lower cortisol concentrations (P=0.03) in week 12 compared with CON sows. These results indicate that DDGS diets may compromise the welfare of sows in pens, but improve the welfare of sows in stalls.

Y. Z. Li, C. E. Phillips, L. H. Wang, X. L. Xie, S. K. Baidoo, G. C. Shurson, and L. J. Johnston "Effects of distillers' dried grains with solubles on behavior of sows kept in a group-housed system with electronic sow feeders or individual stalls," Canadian Journal of Animal Science 93(1), 57-66, (1 March 2013). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJAS2012-043
Received: 6 April 2012; Accepted: 1 November 2012; Published: 1 March 2013
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