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11 January 2022 CDC Hickie yellow field pea
Tom Warkentin, Bunyamin Tar’an, Sabine Banniza, Albert Vandenberg, Kirstin Bett, Gene Arganosa, Brent Barlow, Jaret Horner, Devini de Silva, Stacey Wagenhoffer, Yong Liu, Kevin Mikituk, Anoja Weerasinghe, Dayna Raymond
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

CDC Hickie, a yellow cotyledon field pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivar, was released in 2021 by the Crop Development Centre (CDC), University of Saskatchewan (SK, Canada), for distribution to Select seed growers through the Variety Release Committee of the Saskatchewan Pulse Growers. CDC Hickie has good lodging resistance, medium time to maturity, medium-sized round seeds, mean seed protein concentration of 24.4%, and good yielding ability. It is resistant to powdery mildew and moderately susceptible to Mycosphaerella blight and Fusarium root rot. CDC Hickie is adapted to the field pea growing regions of western Canada.

Introduction

CDC Hickie is a field pea (Pisum sativum L.) cultivar developed by the Crop Development Centre (CDC), University of Saskatchewan (SK, Canada). It is named after John Hickie, an alumnus of the College of Agriculture and Bioresources, University of Saskatchewan, who received a Diploma in Agriculture in 1956 and Bachelor of Science in Agriculture degree in 1959. He is also a strong financial supporter of the college and has established two student scholarships that have been funded in perpetuity through a significant gift of farmland. CDC Hickie was issued registration number 9201 on 12 Feb. 2021 by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Variety Registration Office.

Breeding Methods and Pedigree

CDC Hickie was developed from the cross CDC 2283-17/P0410-16 made in 2011. CDC 2283-17 is a breeding line from the CDC’s pea breeding program, while P0410-16 is a breeding line from the Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada pea breeding program in Lacombe, Alberta. The objective of this cross was the development of a high yielding cultivar with good lodging resistance and medium seed size. Selection for seed size and shape was conducted in the F1 and F2 generations in Saskatoon, SK. The F2:3 family was evaluated in field trials in Saskatoon in 2013. Preliminary replicated yield trials were conducted in the F4 in Rosthern and Meath Park, SK, in 2014. An F4 line, 4900-13, was selected based on good yield and good lodging resistance. This line was evaluated in replicated yield trials in Saskatoon, Rosthern, Scott, Kamsack, and Limerick, SK, and Barrhead, AB, in 2015, then in 2016 at the same six locations plus Lucky Lake and Meath Park, SK, and Vegreville and Namao, AB. It was then entered as CDC 4900-13, an F2:7 line, in the Field Pea Co-operative (Co-op) Registration Test-B in 2017 and 2018. The Co-op trials were conducted by the following organizations at the following locations: British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture research site at Fort St. John, British Columbia, Alberta Agriculture and Forestry research sites at Brooks, Barrhead, Morinville, and Vegreville, AB, University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon, Limerick, and Kamsack, SK, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) Research Centres located in Indian Head, Scott, Melfort, and Swift Current, SK, Lacombe, AB, and Brandon, MB, with disease evaluation at AAFC Lethbridge, AB, and University of Saskatchewan, SK. Breeder seed of CDC 4900-13, later named CDC Hickie, was derived by bulking 20 F6:9 lines in 2019, after discarding phenotypic outliers.

Performance

In 2 yr of testing in the Field Pea Co-operative Test-B (27 site-years), CDC Hickie had statistically similar yield compared to the check cultivars CDC Amarillo and AAC Lacombe (Table 1). CDC Hickie was similar in maturity as CDC Amarillo and 2 d later than AAC Lacombe. Vine length of CDC Hickie was similar to CDC Amarillo, slightly longer than AAC Lacombe. CDC Hickie had similar lodging resistance as the checks. CDC Hickie had similar seed weight as CDC Amarillo, less than AAC Lacombe, with seed shape being slightly less round than that of the checks. Seed protein concentration of CDC Hickie was similar to that of CDC Amarillo, greater than that of AAC Lacombe. CDC Hickie had lower percent seed coat breakage than both checks. CDC Hickie is adapted to the field pea growing region of western Canada.

Table 1.

Summary of agronomic, quality, and disease data for CDC Hickie and yellow cotyledon check cultivars CDC Amarillo and AAC Lacombe for all station-years based on data from Field Pea Co-operative Test-B in western Canada, 2017–2018.

cjps-2021-0226tab1.gif

Other Characteristics

CDC Hickie has a semi-leafless leaf type, white flowers, yellow cotyledons, opaque seed coat, and round, smooth seed. CDC Hickie was evaluated in mist-irrigated field disease nurseries at Lethbridge and Saskatoon as part of the Field Pea Co-operative Registration Test in 2017 and 2018. CDC Hickie was rated as resistant to powdery mildew (Erysiphe pisi var. pisi), as were CDC Amarillo and AAC Lacombe (Table 1). CDC Hickie was moderately susceptible to Mycosphaerella blight [Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk. & Bloxam) Vestergren], and moderately susceptible to Fusarium root rot [multiple Fusarium species], similar to the checks (Table 1).

Availability of Propagating Material

Breeder seed of CDC Hickie is maintained by the Crop Development Centre, University of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5A8. Distribution rights for CDC Hickie are held by the Saskatchewan Pulse Growers (207-116 Research Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 3R3). Breeder seed of CDC Hickie was first distributed in 2021 to seed growers qualified as Select seed growers by the Canadian Seed Growers’ Association.

Acknowledgement

Appreciation is expressed to the pulse crop breeding staff at the CDC, University of Saskatchewan, for their technical assistance in the development of CDC Hickie, and to Dave Benallack and Craig Ells (also at the Crop Development Centre) for breeder seed production. Financial support of the Saskatchewan Pulse Growers and the Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture is gratefully acknowledged.

References

1.

Reichert, R.D., Tyler, R.T., York, A.E., Schwab, D.J., Tatarynovich, J.E., and Mwasaru, M.A. 1986. Description of a production model of the Tangential Abrasive Dehulling Device and its application to breeders' samples. Cereal Chem. 63: 201–207. Google Scholar
©2022 The Author(s).
Tom Warkentin, Bunyamin Tar’an, Sabine Banniza, Albert Vandenberg, Kirstin Bett, Gene Arganosa, Brent Barlow, Jaret Horner, Devini de Silva, Stacey Wagenhoffer, Yong Liu, Kevin Mikituk, Anoja Weerasinghe, and Dayna Raymond "CDC Hickie yellow field pea," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 102(3), 770-772, (11 January 2022). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJPS-2021-0226
Received: 15 October 2021; Accepted: 8 November 2021; Published: 11 January 2022
KEYWORDS
Cultivar description
description de cultivar
Field pea
Pisum sativum L.
Pisum sativum L.
Pois de grande culture
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