Li, Q., Tong, H., Zhang, Z., Zhao, Z. and Song, X. 2011. Inheritance and development of EST-SSR marker associated with turnip mosaic virus resistance in Chinese cabbage. Can. J. Plant Sci. 91: 707-715. Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) is one of the major pathogens infecting Brassica crops (including Chinese cabbage), and often causes serious reductions in yield and quality. Breeding for resistant cultivars is complicated by the existence of numerous TuMV strains and isolates. The objective of this research was to determine the mode of inheritance and to develop molecular markers associated with TuMV resistance in Chinese cabbage. F1 and F2 populations were developed from the cross between 71-36-2 (susceptible) and 73 (resistant) lines and mechanically inoculated with TuMV-C4. Inheritance analysis by visual scoring and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) indicated that resistance to TuMV-C4 in this cross was controlled by one recessive gene. A total of 132 EST-SSR primers were designed from EST sequences available in public databases. Seven primers detected polymorphism between parental genotypes. Marker HCC259 was associated with the TuMV resistance Ph-retr02. The distance between the marker and the TuMV resistance gene retr02 was 3.8 cM. This is the first co-dominant marker linked to the TuMV resistance gene with a distance less than 5.0 cM in Chinese cabbage. This marker was suitable for TuMV-C4 resistance screening in progenies from the cross between lines 73 (resistant) and susceptible line, 71-36-2. The usefulness of this marker was validated in 21 additional resistant and susceptible lines. This marker has the potential to simplify and accelerate breeding Chinese cabbage cultivars resistant to TuMV-C4.
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Vol. 91 • No. 4