Diep, S., Daugelaite, D., Strybulevych, A., Scanlon, M., Page, J. and Hatcher, D. 2014. Use of ultrasound to discern differences in Asian noodles prepared across wheat classes and between varieties. Can. J. Plant Sci. 94: 525-534. Nine wheat varieties, five Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) and four Canada Prairie Spring Red (CPSR), grown at the same locations and composited by variety, were milled to yield 65% extraction flours, which were used to form yellow alkaline raw and cooked noodles. The CWRS flours were ~2% higher in protein content than the CPSR varieties, with varieties within each class exhibiting a wide range in dough strength as determined by Farinograph dough development time and stability. The ultrasonic velocity and attenuation of the raw noodles were measured at 40 kHz in disk-shaped samples, enabling the longitudinal storage modulus, loss modulus and tan ▵ to be determined. Significant differences (P=0.05) between classes and within a class were found to exist for all ultrasonic parameters. In general, the CPSR varieties generated the highest storage moduli values, the lowest loss moduli, and the lowest tan ▵ values, indicating this class/varieties exhibited a more elastic (firmer) raw noodle than the CWRS varieties even at a 2% lower protein content. A significant correlation, r=0.72,0.70, P=0.03, was also found between raw noodle velocity and M“, respectively, with cooked noodle bite as determined by maximum cutting stress.
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Vol. 94 • No. 3