Jha, P., Kumar, V. and Lim, C. A. 2015. Variable response of kochia [Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad.] to auxinic herbicides dicamba and fluroxypyr in Montana. Can. J. Plant Sci. 95: 965-972. Herbicide-resistant kochia is an increasing concern for growers in the Northern Great Plains of United States and Canada. The objective of the research was to characterize the response of the three putative auxinic herbicide-resistant kochia inbreds (derived from accessions collected from wheat/chemical fallow fields in northern Montana) to dicamba and fluroxypyr relative to a susceptible (SUS) inbred. A dicamba dose-response study indicated that the three putative resistant inbreds (Chot-01, Chot-02, and Chot-03) had R/S ratios of 1.3 to 6.1 based on the visible control response (I50 values), and R/S ratios of 1.5 to 6.8 based on the shoot dry weight response (GR50 values). Dose-response experiments with fluroxypyr determined I50 R/S ratios of 1.4 to 5.7 and GR50 R/S ratios of 1.6 to 4.0 for the three putative resistant inbreds. The selected inbreds showed variable symptomology (phenotype) in response to dicamba and fluroxypyr. Among the three inbreds, Chot-01 exhibited the least epinasty, stem curling/swelling, and chlorosis/necrosis symptoms, and was resistant to dicamba and fluroxypyr. Growers should diversify their weed management tools to manage further spread of auxinic or multiple herbicide-resistant kochia in the region.
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