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11 September 2018 Postharvest quality implications of preharvest treatments applied to enhance Ambrosia apple red blush colour at harvest
Peter M.A. Toivonen, Changwen Lu, Jared Stoochnoff
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Two approaches for enhancing red blush in Ambrosia apple were evaluated: (i) reflective row covers or (ii) application of foliar phosphorus-rich sprays, both applied several weeks before anticipated harvest. Two experiments were conducted, the first to evaluate a white reflective row cover versus foliar phosphorus spray, and the second to evaluate two types of reflective row cover, one made of a woven white polyethylene sheet and the other a solid silvered Mylar®. The comparative effects of these preharvest treatments on at-harvest fruit quality and quality after storage were assessed in both experiments. It was determined that foliar phosphorus sprays or one of the two types of reflective row covers resulted in similar enhancement of red blush colour, with no negative effects on at-harvest quality. However, in the first experiment it was found that after 8 mo of controlled-atmosphere storage (1 kPa O2 + 1 kPa CO2 at 0.5 °C), apples from the phosphorus foliar spray treatment developed greasiness and sooty blotch compared with those from the reflective row cover or control treatments. In the second experiment, after 5 mo of air storage at 0.5 °C, the apples from the silvered Mylar® reflective row cover treatment developed severe soft scald and soggy breakdown compared with the control and white reflective row cover treatments, which developed lower or very slight incidence of soft scald, respectively, and no soggy breakdown. These results indicate that when preharvest treatments are applied to apples, post-storage quality effects should be evaluated.

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Peter M.A. Toivonen, Changwen Lu, and Jared Stoochnoff "Postharvest quality implications of preharvest treatments applied to enhance Ambrosia apple red blush colour at harvest," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 99(1), 40-49, (11 September 2018).
Received: 30 July 2018; Accepted: 30 August 2018; Published: 11 September 2018

foliar phosphorus sprays
reflective row covers
Soft scald
soggy breakdown
sooty blotch
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