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5 December 2018 Bioinformatics analysis of the auxin response factor gene family in Prunus persica
Liping Guo, Jianzhou Gao, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, Xiaonan Yu
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Auxin plays an important role in various aspects of plant growth and development. Auxin response factors (ARFs) are plant-specific transcription factors that regulate the expression of auxin-responsive genes by binding with auxin response elements (AuxinREs) in the promoter region of such genes. In this study, a genome-wide analysis of the ARF genes in Prunus persica was carried out using the latest updated genomics data of this plant. A total of 17 ARF genes were identified and were named PpARF1 to PpARF17. A comprehensive overview of these PpARFs was undertaken, including a phylogenetic analysis and analysis of gene structures, conserved motifs and domains, chromosome location, cis-elements in the promoter region, and gene expression patterns. The 17 PpARF genes were distributed over eight chromosomes. All identified PpARF proteins had an ARF domain and a typical B3-DNA-binding domain that consisted of two α-helixes and seven β-sheets. Some of the PpARF proteins also had an Aux/IAA domain. Phylogenetic analysis categorized PpARF proteins into four groups. PpARF genes had many elements related to stress responses in the promotor region and showed distinct expression levels in leaves and roots. The present study provides basic information about the ARF gene family in Prunus persica and enables further verification of candidate genes related to plant growth.

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Liping Guo, Jianzhou Gao, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, and Xiaonan Yu "Bioinformatics analysis of the auxin response factor gene family in Prunus persica," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 99(2), 232-242, (5 December 2018).
Received: 28 June 2018; Accepted: 23 October 2018; Published: 5 December 2018

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bioinformatics analysis
Prunus persica
transcription factor
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