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29 September 2020 Sampling, handling, and preparation of peat cores from bogs: review of recent progress and perspectives for trace element research
William Shotyk, Tommy Noernberg
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Peat bogs are valuable archives of environmental change, including climate history, landscape evolution, and atmospheric deposition of trace elements, fallout radionuclides, and organic contaminants. Maintaining the fidelity of peat samples during collection and handling can be challenging, given that bogs consist mainly of fossil plant materials that typically have a very low density and are easily compressed. The surface layers of bogs, which are dominated by living plants and poorly decomposed fibrous peats, are especially problematic. To extract peat monoliths, we use a Belarus corer for deep layers and a Wardenaar device for surface layers. Both corers are constructed using titanium alloys to improve strength, reduce weight, and minimize the risk of contamination by the trace metals of environmental relevance. In this review, we include detailed drawings of the Belarus corer and photographs of the modifications to the Wardenaar corer. Modifications to the motorized Noernberg corer for frozen peat are described, and a complete set of drawings provided. A summary is given of simple procedures to minimize the risk of metal contamination in the laboratory from slicing and subsampling the peat cores and milling the dried samples.

Copyright remains with the author(s) or their institution(s). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
William Shotyk and Tommy Noernberg "Sampling, handling, and preparation of peat cores from bogs: review of recent progress and perspectives for trace element research," Canadian Journal of Soil Science 100(4), 363-380, (29 September 2020).
Received: 7 December 2019; Accepted: 14 September 2020; Published: 29 September 2020

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peat corers
peat sampling
sample preparation
Trace metals
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