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18 November 2021 Ammonia volatilization from manure mixed with biochar
Chih-Yu Hung, Naseer Hussain, Barry R. Husk, Joann K. Whalen
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Ammonia (NH3) volatilization from NH3-based fertilizer and animal manure reduces their nitrogen (N) fertilizer value and is a source of environmental pollution. Mixing manure with biochar may lower NH3 volatilization from manure by adding H+, adsorbing mineral N, or increasing N immobilization in microbial biomass. The objective of this study was to determine whether wood-based biochar could lower NH3 volatilization from vented pails containing manure (liquid swine, dairy slurry, and solid poultry manure) or a urea ammonium nitrate solution (UAN). Two types of wood-based biochar (BlueLeaf and Dynamotive) were mixed with three types of manure and UAN fertilizer solution at 0, 2.5, 5, 10, and 25% biochar by volume in vented pails. After 21 d storage in an outdoor shaded area, the greatest NH3 volatilization was from poultry manure, which had pH 9.4 on average and low water content regardless of the biochar source and application rate. There was less NH3 volatilization from UAN fertilizer solution when mixed with 25% (v/v) of Dynamotive biochar compared with NH3 volatilization from UAN fertilizer solution mixed with 0%–10% (%) of Dynamotive biochar, probably because pH decreased from 7.0 to 6.4 after 21 d contact. Mixing wood-based biochar with manure had no impact on NH3 volatilization, suggesting that these biochar sources did not appreciably change the pH and N dynamics in stored manure after 21 d.

Chih-Yu Hung, Naseer Hussain, Barry R. Husk, and Joann K. Whalen "Ammonia volatilization from manure mixed with biochar," Canadian Journal of Soil Science 102(1), 177-186, (18 November 2021).
Received: 24 March 2021; Accepted: 14 November 2021; Published: 18 November 2021

bovins laitiers
dairy cattle
fumier solide partiellement décomposé
liquid manure
partially decomposed solid manure
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