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1 May 2011 A laboratory study of soil conditions affecting emissions of nitrous oxide from packed cores subjected to freezing and thawing
Mario Tenuta, Brad Sparling
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Abstract

Tenuta, M. and Sparling, B. 2011. A laboratory study of soil conditions affecting emissions of nitrous oxide from packed cores subjected to freezing and thawing. Can. J. Soil Sci. 91: 223-233. A series of laboratory experiments using a packed core soil assay was carried out to test several soil conditions affecting the emission of N2O (nitrous oxide) during thawing of soil. The assay consisted of a sandy loam soil packed to 1.1 Mg m-3, moistened to 80% water-filled pore space, and temperature treated to 4 or -20°C for 2.5 d; the emissions from thawing soil were then determined as the differences in N2O release rates of the temperature-treated soils when placed at 15°C. Nitrate addition to surface soil (0-10 cm) enhanced thaw emission. Thaw emissions, averaged for deeper collected soil (10-30 and 30-60 cm), was 0.3% with NO3- treatment and 1.2% without NO3- treatment of that for surface soil treated similarly. Higher thaw emission for surface soil was related to greater organic matter and microbial biomass C contents and denitrifying enzyme activity than deeper collections of soil. Increasing the bulk density of soil from 1.1, 1.2, and 1.25 Mg m-3 decreased thaw emission. A second freeze-thaw cycle of the highest compaction treatment resulted in an emission of 2.3% of the first freeze-thaw cycle. Acetylene increased thaw emission of N2O and more so for NO3- untreated than treated soil. Using the acetylene inhibition method, the N2O:N2 ratio of gas produced was higher for frozen (0.17) than cold (0.07) treated soil, respectively, without the addition of NO3-. The addition of NO3- increased the N2O:N2 ratio of gas produced with the ratio being 2.45 and 0.53 for frozen and cold-treated soil. The results are consistent with biological denitrification being a source of N2O with conditions promoting N2O production rather than consumption enhancing thaw emissions.

Mario Tenuta and Brad Sparling "A laboratory study of soil conditions affecting emissions of nitrous oxide from packed cores subjected to freezing and thawing," Canadian Journal of Soil Science 91(2), 223-233, (1 May 2011). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJSS09051
Received: 1 June 2009; Accepted: 1 January 2011; Published: 1 May 2011
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Acetylene inhibition
bulk density
dégel
denitrification
Dénitrification
depth
Freezing
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