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1 November 2012 Estimating carbon inputs to soil in forage-based crop rotations and modeling the effects on soil carbon dynamics in a Swedish long-term field experiment
M. A. Bolinder, T. Kätterer, O. Andrén, L. E. Parent
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Abstract

Bolinder, M. A., Kätterer, T., Andrén, O. and Parent, L. E. 2012. Estimating carbon inputs to soil in forage-based crop rotations and modeling the effects on soil carbon dynamics in a Swedish long-term field experiment. Can. J. Soil Sci. 92: 821-833. There is a need to improve the understanding of soil organic C (SOC) dynamics for forage-based rotations. A key requisite is accurate estimates of the below-ground (BG) C inputs to soil. We used the Introductory Carbon Balance Model (ICBM) to investigate the effects of C input assumptions on C balances with data from a 52-yr field experiment in northern Sweden. The main objective was to validate an approach for estimating annual crop residue C inputs to soil using the data from a continuous forage-based rotation (A). A rotation with only annual crops and more frequent tillage events (D) was used to obtain a rough estimate of the effect of tillage on SOC dynamics. The methodology used to estimate annual crop residue C inputs to soil gave a good fit to data from four out of the six large plots for rotation A. The approximate effects of more frequent tillage in rotation D increased SOC decomposition rate by about 20%. These results allow us to have more confidence in predicting SOC balances for forage-based crop rotations. Root biomass measurements used for calculating BG C inputs were also reviewed, and we show that they have not changed significantly during the past 150 yr.

M. A. Bolinder, T. Kätterer, O. Andrén, and L. E. Parent "Estimating carbon inputs to soil in forage-based crop rotations and modeling the effects on soil carbon dynamics in a Swedish long-term field experiment," Canadian Journal of Soil Science 92(6), 821-833, (1 November 2012). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJSS2012-036
Received: 10 April 2012; Accepted: 31 July 2012; Published: 1 November 2012
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KEYWORDS
carbon sequestration
climat frais et tempéré
Concept ICBM
cool temperate climate
forage crops
Introductory Carbon Balance Model concept
plantes fourragères
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