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27 April 2017 A decision tree-based approach to calculate nitrous oxide fluxes from chamber measurements
Gustavo Cambareri, Claudia Wagner-Riddle, Craig F. Drury, John Lauzon, William Salas
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Abstract

Soil nitrous oxide (N2O) fluxes are commonly measured with nonsteady state chambers using slope values derived from linear or quadratic regression, fitted to the change in N2O concentration over time (dC/dt); however, these methods frequently underestimate N2O flux values. Here, we propose a decision tree-based model (DTBM) to better match curve shape with linear and nonlinear models to estimate dC/dt. The DTBM was compared with linear, quadratic regression, and the Hutchinson–Mosier (H–M) equation. The objectives were to (i) evaluate curve shape classification; (ii) evaluate dC/dt response to uncertainty, and (iii) determine method effect on cumulative N2O emissions and emission factor. Curve shapes with increasing N2O concentration over time had the highest proportion of data (52%–55%). Mean N2O flux calculated with DTBM showed to be less responsive to data variability, and therefore, more stable than the other methods. Data classification included in DTBM offered an improved method for calculating cumulative N2O emissions in low-flux situations, whereas under a high-flux situation, all methods tested were acceptable to calculate N2O emissions. The DTBM proved to be a robust method of matching each data type with the best model for calculating an individual flux and to accurately calculate cumulative N2O emissions.

© Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada 2017. Permission for reuse (free in most cases) can be obtained from RightsLink.
Gustavo Cambareri, Claudia Wagner-Riddle, Craig F. Drury, John Lauzon, and William Salas "A decision tree-based approach to calculate nitrous oxide fluxes from chamber measurements," Canadian Journal of Soil Science 97(3), 532-540, (27 April 2017). https://doi.org/10.1139/cjss-2016-0108
Received: 30 August 2016; Accepted: 1 April 2017; Published: 27 April 2017
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
analyse par arbre de décision
classification des données
data classification
decision tree-based method
flux d’oxyde nitreux
Nitrous oxide flux
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