The Homerus Swallowtail, Papilio (Pterourus) homerus, is an endangered butterfly endemic to Jamaica. We report conspecific male interactions observed in the Cockpit Country. Field observations of the patrolling behavior and the conspecific male circular flights suggest that males are territorial. Unlike most previous reports of male butterfly territoriality, physical contact occurs in the male circular flights, evidenced by the sound of the wings hitting each other, which may contribute to wing damage. We were able to quantify the extensive wing damage accumulated on a single territorial male with photographs; this male lost more than 90 percent of an individual wing, and still patrolled an area. In addition, we discuss the possible variables that might determine the outcome of territorial disputes, the habitat associated with territory establishment, and lekking in this species.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.