The striped yellow-eared bat Vampyriscus nymphaea is known from southeastern Nicaragua to northwestern Ecuador. Here, we report the existence of this species in Honduras from a female captured in the eastern part of that country. The new record's site, in the Moskitia region of Honduras—an extensive forested region—is located over 400 km north of the previously recognized distributional limit of the species. On 28 July 2011, we captured one female in a mist net in Nueva Esperanza, Patuca National Park, Olancho, Honduras. The specimen was caught in a pastureland adjacent to a patch of forest. It fits descriptions of size and coloration given in the literature for this species. It also was compared with some voucher specimens at Texas Tech. Univ. The captured female was pregnant. We add a new bat species to the Honduras list which gets now to 103 species.
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Vol. 48 • No. 1