Summer-diapause and winter-diapause pupae of the onion maggot, Delia antiqua (Diptera: Anthomyiidae), were significantly more cold hardy than nondiapause, prediapause, and postdiapause pupae. Moreover, cold acclimation of nondiapause pupae conferred strong cold hardiness comparable with that of diapause pupae. Differential display analysis revealed that the expression of a gene encoding TCP-1 (the t-complex polypeptide–1), a subunit of chaperonin CCT, in D antiqua (DaTCP-1) is upregulated in the pupae that express enhanced cold hardiness. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses showed that the levels of DaTCP-1 messenger RNA in pupal tissues, brain, and midgut in particular, are highly correlated with the cold hardiness of the pupae. These findings suggest that the upregulation of DaTCP-1 expression is related to enhanced cold hardiness in D antiqua. The upregulation of CCT in response to low temperature in an organism other than the yeast is newly reported.
How to translate text using browser tools
1 July 2005
Expression of mRNA for the t-complex polypeptide–1, a subunit of chaperonin CCT, is upregulated in association with increased cold hardiness in Delia antiqua