1 July 2000 Attenuation of sepsis-induced apoptosis by heat shock pretreatment in rats
Hsiang-Wen Chen, Chin Hsu, Sheng-I. Lue, Rei-Cheng Yang
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Apoptosis is a process by which cells undergo a form of non-necrotic cellular suicide. Although it is a programmed process, apoptosis can be induced by various stressors. During sepsis, apoptosis has been regarded as an important cause of cell death in the immune system, leading to unresponsiveness to treatment. This study was designed to investigate how prior heat shock induction can influence the rate of apoptosis in animals that have experienced sepsis. Sprague-Dawley rats were used, and experimental sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Animals in the heated group were anesthetized and received heat shock by whole-body hyperthermia. They were sacrificed 9 h and 18 h after CLP as early and late sepsis, respectively. Apoptosis was evaluated by “DNA ladder” detection in agarose electrophoresis and Tdt-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay. Hsp72 was detected by Western blot analysis. The results showed that the DNA ladder was detected most clearly in the thymus at the late phase of sepsis with time course dependence, while it showed less clearly in heat shock treated animals. Histopathological study by TUNEL assay obtained similar results in the thymus, where the cortex was more susceptible to apoptosis than the medulla. The Western blot analysis showed that the heat shock induced Hsp72 concomitant with an increase in Bcl-2:Bax ratio. In conclusion, heat shock pretreatment prevents rats from sepsis-induced apoptosis that may account for the better outcome of experimental sepsis. An increase in the Bcl-2:Bax ratio may in part explain the molecular mechanism of the effect of heat shock pretreatment.

Hsiang-Wen Chen, Chin Hsu, Sheng-I. Lue, and Rei-Cheng Yang "Attenuation of sepsis-induced apoptosis by heat shock pretreatment in rats," Cell Stress & Chaperones 5(3), 188-195, (1 July 2000). https://doi.org/10.1379/1466-1268(2000)005<0188:AOSIAB>2.0.CO;2
Received: 22 June 1999; Accepted: 1 February 2000; Published: 1 July 2000

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