We have isolated a cDNA encoding chaperonin 10 (cpn10) from the zebrafish. Using northern, western, and in situ hybridization analysis, we observed that the cpn10 gene is expressed uniformly and ubiquitously throughout embryonic development of the zebrafish. Upregulation of cpn10 expression was observed following exposure of zebrafish embryos to a heat shock of 1 hour at 37°C compared to control embryos raised at 27°C. The extracellular form of Cpn10 called early pregnancy factor (EPF), found in the serum of pregnant mammals, was not detected in the serum of either male or female zebrafish. These expression studies suggest that Cpn10 plays a general role in zebrafish development as well as being consistent with the hypothesis that EPF is involved in the embryo implantation process in mammals.