Growing evidence indicates that the stress response in general and heat shock proteins (Hsps) in particular have a profound impact on tumor immunogenicity. In this study, we show that tumor cells subjected to a nonlethal heat shock stress are unable to form tumors in syngenic mice, whereas they do so in athymic nude mice. Moreover, heat-shocked MethA immunity is tumor specific. Enhancement of T-cell–mediated immunogenicity correlates with the expression of the inducible Hsp70 but not the constitutive Hsc70. These observations have a bearing on the proposed functional role of Hsp-peptide association in antigen processing and presentation by major histocompatibility complex I molecules under normal and stressful conditions.