BAG-1 (Bcl-2–associated athanogene) is a multifaceted protein implicated in the modulation of a large variety of cellular processes. Elucidating the molecular mechanisms that underlie the cellular functions of BAG-1 becomes an increasingly important task, particularly in light of the growing evidence connecting aberrant BAG-1 expression to certain human cancers. A common element of the remarkable functional diversity of BAG-1 appears to be the interaction with molecular chaperones of the Hsp70 family. In fact, BAG-1 functions as a nucleotide exchange factor of mammalian cytosolic Hsc70, thereby triggering substrate unloading from the chaperone. In addition, recent findings reveal an association of BAG-1 with the proteasome, which suggests a role in coordinating chaperone and degradation pathways.