1 July 2003 Induction of heat shock protein gp96 by immune cytokines
Y. G. Chen, B. T. Ashok, X. Liu, V. P S. Garikapaty, A. Mittelman, R. K. Tiwari
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Cytokines play a major role in regulating both humoral and cell-mediated immune responses. Recent advances in our understanding of cell-mediated immune responses have focused on the antigen presentation machinery and the proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). These proteins help the formation and stabilization of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)–peptide interaction. A 96-kDa, ER-resident glycoprotein (gp96) is being evaluated as a therapeutic agent in cancer because of its ability to associate with a vast number of cellular peptides irrespective of size or sequence. Because the antigen presentation complex is assembled in the ER and a number of ER-resident proteins are modulated by cytokines, it is important to examine the regulation of gp96 in response to immune cytokines interferon γ (IFN-γ), and interleukin 2 (IL-2). Defects in signaling pathway in either of the cytokines can result in suboptimal immune response. We examined the effect of the cytokines IFN-γ and IL-2 on the induction of gp96 in different cancer cell lines and examined the induction of DNA-binding proteins that recognize gamma interferon–activating sequence (GAS), present in the promoter region of gp96. The induction of GAS binding protein correlated with the induction of STAT 1 protein, a transcriptional regulator and mediator of IFN-γ–mediated gene expression. The use of cytokines in inducing gp96 levels may have significance in maintaining high levels of gp96 for a sustained immune response.

Y. G. Chen, B. T. Ashok, X. Liu, V. P S. Garikapaty, A. Mittelman, and R. K. Tiwari "Induction of heat shock protein gp96 by immune cytokines," Cell Stress & Chaperones 8(3), 242-248, (1 July 2003). https://doi.org/10.1379/1466-1268(2003)008<0242:IOHSPG>2.0.CO;2
Received: 5 October 2002; Accepted: 1 March 2003; Published: 1 July 2003

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