In recent years, the pattern of maximal caudal autotomy in lizards has come under consideration, with attention being focused on how nonsegmental muscles in the tail base, specifically the m. caudofemoralis longus and the m. retractor penis magnus, may limit autotomy where they cross autotomy planes or, alternatively, how they may be ruptured if maximal autotomy is practiced. In this paper, we demonstrate that in the lacertid lizard Podarcis hispanica a number of autotomic vertebrae are spanned by the m. caudofemoralis longus, that maximal caudal autotomy does occur, and that the caudofemoralis muscle dissociates from its vertebral attachments but is not torn in the process. Anatomical and histological data reveal that this muscle has a specialized structure and relationship with surrounding muscles, skeletal elements, and connective tissues that result in minimal damage upon maximal autotomy. Furthermore, upon caudal regeneration, the m. caudofemoralis longus reestablishes contact with the newly formed cartilaginous axial skeleton of the tail.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 2001 • No. 1