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1 February 2003 Home Range and Movements of Boreal Toads in Undisturbed Habitat
Erin Muths
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I sampled movements and amount of area used by boreal toads (Bufo boreas) between June and October for 3 yr. Females were found farther from the breeding site than were males, and mean home ranges, as calculated by the adaptive kernel method, were four times larger for females than for males. Temperature and snow accumulation were comparable over the study, but data collection was hampered by mortality of animals caused by an outbreak of amphibian chytridiomycosis in yr 2. These data provide insight into use of habitat by boreal toads in undisturbed areas but may not be typical of a completely healthy population.

The American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists
Erin Muths "Home Range and Movements of Boreal Toads in Undisturbed Habitat," Copeia 2003(1), 160-165, (1 February 2003).[0160:HRAMOB]2.0.CO;2
Received: 27 April 2002; Accepted: 17 September 2002; Published: 1 February 2003
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