We assessed Anax junius dragonfly naiad strike frequencies and kill probabilities against Rana sylvatica (Wood Frog) tadpoles. Strikes fell into five categories according to their placement on the tadpole body: anterior head/body, posterior head/body, head/body-tail intersection, anterior tail, and posterior tail. The kill probability was calculated for each category as the number of kills divided by the number of contacts made in that category. These probabilities varied; a higher probability was found for both the anterior and posterior head/body, and values declined for successively posterior categories. Neither the kill probability nor the size of the body zone influenced the number of strikes to that zone. Surprisingly, the dragonfly naiads struck most frequently at the relatively narrow region of the head/body-tail intersection, suggesting that dragonfly naiads may aim at a specific target.
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Vol. 2005 • No. 4