Soybean variety Bunya was developed in Australia to provide a better quality bean for tofu manufacturers. It is null for globulin subunit 11SA4. We investigated the effect of both the Bunya genetic background and the11SA4 subunit on tofu properties using genotypes containing 11SA4, with and without Bunya parentage, or lacking 11SA4 with Bunya parentage. Both Bunya parentage and 11SA4 significantly influenced globulin subunit composition and tofu texture. The group lacking 11SA4 had lower seed protein content, the largest seeds and the highest 7S and the lowest 11S content and produced the hardest tofu. Examination of the impact of 11SA4 null on tofu texture at four protein contents (380–440 g kg–1) over four coagulant (2.0–3.5 g kg–1) levels revealed that the absence of 11SA4 produced firmer tofu across the protein and coagulation levels tested, and this difference was larger than that from higher protein or coagulation levels. These results demonstrated that the absence of the 11SA4 subunit could increase tofu hardness to a level that otherwise could only be achieved with much higher seed protein content.
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Vol. 65 • No. 3