2,4-Di-tert-butylphenol (2,4-DTBP) is a natural compounds present in medicinal plants. It is reported to have herbicidal properties. However, the mechanism of action is unknown for use in weed management. Measurements were made of lipid peroxidation, ion leakage, antioxidant enzymes, chlorophyll content, chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthesis in the grassy weed Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees and the broadleaf weed Hedyotis verticillata (L.) Lam. at 7 and 14 days, respectively, after treatment with 2,4-DTBP. The 2,4-DTBP reduced the shoot fresh weight of L. chinensis and H. verticillata by 50% when applied at concentrations of 50 and 200 µg mL–1, respectively. Treatment with 2,4-DTBP significantly increased levels of malondialdehyde, caused excessive ion leakage and increased activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, peroxidase and catalase in leaf and root tissues of the two bioassay species. Most notably, 2,4-DTBP treatment caused great reduction in chlorophyll content, thereby decreasing chlorophyll fluorescence, transpiration and net photosynthetic rate in the leaf tissues. The results suggest that 2,4-DTBP induces oxidative stress through the generation of reactive oxygen species, which cause lipid peroxidation and membrane damage in root tissues and chloroplast in leaf tissues, thus leading to increased levels of antioxidant enzymes.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 66 • No. 2