The common wheat variety Chinese Spring (CS) chromosome substitution line CS-1Sl(1B) was used in this study, in which the 1B chromosome in CS (Triticum aestivum L., 2n = 6x = 42, AABBDD) was substituted by the 1Sl from Aegilops longissima (2n = 2x = 14, SlSl). The results showed that the substitution of 1B in CS by 1Sl chromosome could significantly increase amylopectin and total starch contents. The dynamic changes in starch granules during grain development in CS and CS-1Sl(1B) demonstrated that the substitution line possessed higher amount of A-type starch granules and greater diameter of both A- and B-granules. qRT-PCR revealed that some key genes involved in starch biosynthesis, such as starch synthases (SSI, SSII and SSIII), starch branching enzymes (SBE IIa and SBE IIb) and granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS I), displayed higher transcript levels of mRNA expressions during grain development in CS-1Sl(1B). Our results indicate that the substituted 1Sl chromosome carries important genes that influence starch granule development and starch biosynthesis, which may be used as potential gene resources for improvement of wheat starch quality.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 66 • No. 9