The high-molecular-weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) represent a major component of the endosperm storage protein in the grains of wheat and its related species. Their technological importance results from their ready formation of intermolecular disulfide bonds, which underlie much of the visco-elasticity displayed by gluten and hence the processing quality of the flour. Here, sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis revealed that the Chinese wheat cultivar Xiaoyanmai 7 formed four distinct HMW-GS, two of which are likely the product of a known allele at the Glu-B1 locus, whereas the other two did not match any known HMW-GS. A combined analysis based on reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), N-terminal sequencing and mass spectrometry confirmed that the two novel proteins were genuine HMW-GS. Inspection of the DNA sequences showed that one of the novel HMW-GS was encoded by an x-type and the other by a y-type secalin gene. A karyotypic analysis confirmed that six of the seven pairs of Xiaoyanmai 7’s D genome chromosomes (the exception was chromosome 2D) had been replaced by rye chromosomes. The y-type HMW secalin present in Xiaoyanmai 7 differed from the standard By and Dy HWM-GS by the presence of an additional cysteine residue in its C-terminal domain.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 67 • No. 1