Invasive species are especially problematic when introduced into ecosystems with native congeners. The extent to which niches overlap in space determines whether the introduced species threatens the native one or the native species can escape competition or the effect of control. We compared the spatial distribution in relation to landscape and land-use/ land-cover variables of introduced and native Phragmites australis (common reed) in a landscape of protected freshwater wetlands in Quebec, Canada. Results showed that the wetlands still serve as refuges for native P. australis. At this stage of invasion, native and introduced P. australis occupy distinct spatial niches, the more abundant native type in low marsh and areas of lesser human impacts, the introduced one closer to roads and drier land covers. For now, native P. australis largely escapes competition, and the lack of spatial overlap could reduce opportunities for hybridization. Our study also suggests that invasion foci could still be controlled without endangering the native type. Whether the heterogeneous wetland conditions and the different spatial niches will be sufficient to allow long-term coexistence of native and introduced P. australis remains to be seen, but the situation needs to be closely monitored, especially in wetlands protected for biodiversity conservation.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.