1 June 2013 Presence—Absence versus Invasive Status Data for Modelling Potential Distribution of Invasive Plants: Saltcedar in Argentina
Evangelina Natale, Sergio Martin Zalba, Herminda Reinoso
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Spontaneous populations of saltcedars are widely distributed in Argentina. The invasive behaviour of the genus has been documented in the USA, Mexico, and Australia, where its presence is associated with significant changes in ecosystem functioning and the structure of natural communities. Previous to this work there were no studies assessing the potential of saltcedars as drivers of ecological change in Argentina. The aim of this work was to assess the potential distribution of saltcedars in the country in order to provide useful information for designing management strategies to reduce the impacts associated with their invasion. Known occurrences of the genus in Argentina were used to predict its potential distribution by applying different distribution models using both presence/absence and presence-only data. The DOMAIN model was the model that performed best once sensitivity and omission errors were taken into account. Our results indicate the severity of the problem of saltcedar in Argentina, with more than three quarters of the total arid and semiarid area vulnerable to invasion. Our results also highlight the need to include information about the status of populations when selecting training points for the development of distribution models.

Evangelina Natale, Sergio Martin Zalba, and Herminda Reinoso "Presence—Absence versus Invasive Status Data for Modelling Potential Distribution of Invasive Plants: Saltcedar in Argentina," Ecoscience 20(2), 161-171, (1 June 2013). https://doi.org/10.2980/20-2-3571
Received: 14 August 2012; Accepted: 4 March 2013; Published: 1 June 2013
alien species
biological invasion
distribution models
espèce envahissante
évaluation du risque
habitat adéquat
habitat suitability
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