Translator Disclaimer
1 June 2013 Guild Structure in the Food Web of Grassland Arthropod Communities Along an Urban—Rural Landscape Gradient
Yutaka Hironaka, Fumito Koike
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Urbanization is a major cause of ecosystem change, and arthropods are a principal component of grassland ecosystems, which are often found in human-dominated landscapes. Although higher trophic level arthropods have been expected to be the most sensitive to urbanization, researchers are debating whether this is the case. We compared the guild structure of grassland arthropod food webs along an urban—rural gradient in the Tokyo metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world. Arthropod communities were sampled, and guild types were classified by body size and food habit. The guild structure of arthropod food webs was compared among various types of grasslands, and the effects on the guild structure of the surrounding landscape and local vegetation were analyzed. The arthropod guild structure varied along the urban—rural gradient. Large carnivores were abundant in semi-natural grassland ecosystems in the traditional rural landscape, which was at one end of the studied urban—rural gradient. In contrast, small carnivores, omnivores, and detritivores were abundant in the artificial grassland ecosystems of the urban landscape at the other end of the gradient. Because very large carnivores are vulnerable to urbanization activities, rural landscapes rich in these species should be conserved.

Yutaka Hironaka and Fumito Koike "Guild Structure in the Food Web of Grassland Arthropod Communities Along an Urban—Rural Landscape Gradient," Ecoscience 20(2), 148-160, (1 June 2013). https://doi.org/10.2980/20-2-3575
Received: 2 September 2012; Accepted: 1 February 2013; Published: 1 June 2013
JOURNAL ARTICLE
13 PAGES


Share
SHARE
KEYWORDS
1981
1982
1986
1989
1989
1993
2003
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top