On 3 June, 2004, the Brazilian Minister of the Environment, Marina Silva, announced the creation of four new protected areas – two National Forests and two Extractive Reserves in the states of Paraná (Piraí do Sul National Forest of 124.8 ha in the region of Campos Gerais), Paraíba (Restinga do Cabedelo of 103 ha; mangroves and coastal restinga vegetation), Maranhão (Cururupu Extractive Reserve of 185,000 ha; marine resources – mangroves and coastal swamps) and Amazonas (Capanã Grande Extractive Reserve of 304,000 ha; municipality of Manicoré, Rio Madeira). Capanã Grande is one of the protected areas foreseen in the ARPA (Amazon Region Protected Areas) programme of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Brazil, which is working towards the creation of 50 million ha of new protected areas in the Amazon over the next 10 years. Eighteen million ha are planned for the first phase of the program (2002–2006) which is supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) of the World Bank, the KfW Bankengruppe, and the Brazilian government. At the government ceremony creating these reserves, representatives of the state governments of Acre, Amazonas, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia and Tocantins signed cooperative agreements regarding the implementation of the ARPA.
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