Four lice species (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae, Menoponidae) were collected from three woodpecker species (Aves: Picidae) in central and southern Chile. We collected Penenirmus campephili Eichler and Menacanthus campephili Price & Emerson from Magellanic woodpecker (Campephilus magellanicus, King); Menacanthus pici (Denny) and Penenirmus auritus (Scopoli) from the Chilean flicker (Colaptes pitius Molina) and M. pici as a parasite from a Striped woodpecker (Veniliornis lignarius Molina). The species P. auritus and M. campephili are new lice records for Chile. The description of both P. auritus and M. pici parasitizing the Chilean flicker and Striped woodpecker respectively, are new host-parasite associations.
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Vol. 124 • No. 2