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1 April 2001 Pollen Drift from Bacillus thuringiensis Corn: Efficacy Against European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in Adjacent Rows of Non-Bt Corn
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Abstract

Commercial non-Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn was planted adjacent to Bt corn to determine the effects of Bt corn pollen falling on non-Bt plants for control of European corn borer larvae, Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner). Field plots in Iowa and Kansas consisted of two center rows of Bt corn with eight rows of adjacent non-Bt corn on each side. In mid-September 1996 and 1997, we counted European corn borer larvae and larval tunnels in the stalk and ear shank. There were no significant differences in European corn borer numbers across non-Bt rows and the slope of the regression line was not significantly different from zero. In a single plot in Iowa, however, fewer tunnels were observed in rows of corn that were closer to Bt corn. This site was isolated from natural infestations and probably does not reflect a typical field situation. Our results suggest that Bt pollen has minimal or no control of European corn borer larvae in adjacent rows of non-Bt corn under natural conditions. Bt pollen drifting onto adjacent non-Bt plants should not increase the risks related to resistance management.

Clinton D. Pilcher, Marlin E. Rice, Randall A. Higgins, and Robert Bowling "Pollen Drift from Bacillus thuringiensis Corn: Efficacy Against European Corn Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in Adjacent Rows of Non-Bt Corn," Environmental Entomology 30(2), 409-414, (1 April 2001). https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-30.2.409
Received: 8 May 2000; Accepted: 1 October 2000; Published: 1 April 2001
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