Zwittermicin A acts synergistically with the insecticidal activity of Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki Berliner against gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar (L.)) larvae. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of insect source and diet on this synergy. Zwittermicin A increased the mortality caused by B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki in gypsy moths collected from four population sources feeding on artificial diet, and on larvae feeding on four tree species, in a dose-dependent manner. Zwittermicin A did not cause mortality of L. dispar when applied alone. The ability of zwittermicin A to act synergistically with B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki did not differ greatly among these four populations, although mortality was slightly lower in a field-collected population from Michigan. Zwittermicin A increased the activity of B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki on L. dispar feeding on white oak, aspen, larch, and willow. Larval mortality was directly proportional to the concentration of zwittermicin A applied to foliage, although the synergistic effect of zwittermicin A differed among host species. These results suggest strategies for employing synergists in the application and resistance management of microbial pesticides.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.