The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura, is a serious pest in Midwestern soybean, Glycine max L. Merrill, and has the potential to colonize a large geographic range throughout a single growing season. Our objectives were to describe colonization patterns on a statewide spatial and temporal scale, examine the changing proportion of winged forms throughout a season, and assess photoperiod as a potential trigger for alate production. In Minnesota, we define initial colonization as the period of time during the early vegetative growth when alates were present and alatoid nymphs were absent on soybean. Initial colonization during 2002 and 2003 was ∼2 wk. On average across Minnesota, summer migrants were first produced when most fields were at the initial flowering stages in 2002. In 2003, an outbreak year, initial detection of summer migrants occurred earlier during vegetative stages before flowering. The significant increase in the proportion of all potential migratory forms (i.e., alatoid nymphs and adults) occurred during the beginning of seed set for both years. During seed set, the mean proportion of alate A. glycines was 0.15 ± 0.04 (SE) in 2002 and 0.16 ± 0.06 in 2003. The mean proportion of alatoid nymph A. glycines was 0.14 ± 0.04 in 2002 and 0.29 ± 0.04 in 2003 during seed set. The total mean proportion of migratory forms was higher when the critical L:D photoperiod was 14.5:9.5 h/d. A regression analysis also indicated the proportion of winged A. glycines increased with decreasing photoperiod.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.