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1 October 2006 Ground Beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Assemblages in Organic, No-Till, and Chisel-Till Cropping Systems in Maryland
Sean Clark, Katalin Szlavecz, Michel A. Cavigelli, Foster Purrington
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Ground beetle assemblages were compared in organic, no-till, and chisel-till cropping systems of the USDA Farming Systems Project in Maryland. The cropping systems consisted of 3-yr rotations of corn (Zea mays L.), soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.), and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) that were planted to corn and soybean during the 2 yr of field sampling (2001–2002). Each year, ground beetles were sampled using pitfall traps during three 9- to 14-d periods corresponding to spring, summer, and fall. A total of 2,313 specimens, representing 31 species, were collected over the 2 yr of sampling. The eight most common species represented 87% of the total specimens collected and included Scarites quadriceps Chaudoir, Elaphropus anceps (LeConte), Bembidion rapidum (LeConte), Harpalus pensylvanicus (DeGeer), Poecilus chalcites (Say), Clivina impressefrons LeConte, Agonum punctiforme (Say), and Amara aenea (DeGeer). Canonical variates analysis based on the 10 most abundant species showed that the carabid assemblages in the three cropping systems were distinguishable from each other. The organic system was found to be more different from the no-till and chisel-till systems than these two systems were from each other. In 2002, ground beetle relative abundance, measured species richness, and species diversity were greater in the organic than in the chisel-till system. Similar trends were found in 2001, but no significant differences were found in these measurements. Relatively few differences were found between the no-till and chisel-till systems. The estimated species richness of ground beetles based on several common estimators did not show differences among the three cropping systems. The potential use of ground beetles as ecological indicators is discussed.

Sean Clark, Katalin Szlavecz, Michel A. Cavigelli, and Foster Purrington "Ground Beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) Assemblages in Organic, No-Till, and Chisel-Till Cropping Systems in Maryland," Environmental Entomology 35(5), 1304-1312, (1 October 2006).[1304:GBCCAI]2.0.CO;2
Received: 10 February 2006; Accepted: 9 June 2006; Published: 1 October 2006

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