The root-feeding weevil Cyphocleonus achates (Fahraeus) is a promising biological control agent for managing the exotic, invasive weed spotted knapweed. The objective of this study was to compare the relative and potentially interactive effects of competition and specialized herbivory on spotted knapweed fitness. Competition was assessed through three grass seeding treatments: a nonseeded control and seeding to long-lived wheatgrasses originating either from North America, Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Löve ssp. spicata, or Europe, Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth and D.R. Dewey. Comparisons were made of above-ground biomass, stem length, number of flowers, and life stage densities for spotted knapweed plants either infested or free of C. achates and growing under one of the grass seeding treatments. Infested adult spotted knapweed plants had lower shoot weight, stem length, and flowers/plant. The density of adult spotted knapweed plants was lower in grass-seeded plots than in nonseeded control plots. Results indicate C. achates herbivory is correlated with a reduction in measures of fitness and reproductive potential in field populations of spotted knapweed in North America. Furthermore, these results suggest that this agent might play a significant role in reducing spotted knapweed populations when competitive grasses are also present.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.