The diagnostic dose for temephos susceptibility test was established based on Aedes aegypti, the susceptible Bora (French Polynesia) strain, for practical and routine use. The diagnostic dose was subsequently used to evaluate the susceptibility/resistance status in F1 progenies of field-collected samples from Bangkok and various parts of Thailand. It appeared that Ae. aegypti mosquitoes of one collection site each in Bangkok, Nakhon Sawan (northcentral), and Nakhon Ratchasrima (northeast) were resistant to temephos, with mortality ranging from 50.5 to 71.4%. Moreover, there was a trend of resistance to temephos among Ae. aegypti populations of all studied districts of Nakorn Ratchasima and most areas of Nakhon Sawan, of which those in one area were susceptible. However, various levels of temephos susceptibility were found in Bangkok populations, including resistance and incipient resistance. In Chonburi Province (eastern), all mosquitoes were susceptible to temephos with an indication of tolerance in one sample. Additionally, mosquitoes from Songkhla (south), Chiang Rai (north), Kanchanaburi (west), and Chanthaburi (east) remained susceptible to temephos during the sample collecting period. Bioassay tests on Aedes albopictus populations collected in this study from Nakhon Sawan, Nakorn Ratchasima, Songkhla, and Kanchanaburi revealed high susceptibility to temephos. Although the use of temephos seems to be potentially effective in many areas of the country, a noticeable trend of resistance indicated that alternative vector control methods should be periodically applied.
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