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1 August 2007 Density and Structure of Saissetia oleae (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Populations on Citrus and Olives: Relative Importance of the Two Annual Generations
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Abstract

Saissetia oleae (Olivier) (Hemiptera: Coccidae) populations were studied and compared in citrus (Citrus spp.) and olive (Olea europaea L.) groves to determine the number of generations, crawler emergence periods and changes in population density during the year. Ten citrus and four olive groves were sampled regularly between March 2003 and December 2005 in eastern Spain, covering an area of 10,000 km2. Each sample consisted of 16 branches and 64 leaves. Saissetia oleae populations presented a similar trend in both crops during the three years of study. Populations peaked in July, when crawlers emerged after the egg-laying period, and decreased during several months due to mortality of first instars in summer. A second crawler emergence period, with lower numbers and more variability from year to year, occurred between October and March. Populations did not increase during this period, probably because most eggs and crawlers perished during the winter and also because females that gave rise to this fall-winter generation were half as big and fecund as spring females. No differences were found between the size of mature females that had developed on citrus and on olives during the spring. Considering this population pattern, the best seasonal period to apply pesticides to control S. oleae would be at the end of July, when populations are synchronous, all crawlers have already emerged, and first instars predominate.

Alejandro Tena, Antonia Soto, Rosa Vercher, and Ferran Garcia-Marí "Density and Structure of Saissetia oleae (Hemiptera: Coccidae) Populations on Citrus and Olives: Relative Importance of the Two Annual Generations," Environmental Entomology 36(4), 700-706, (1 August 2007). https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X(2007)36[700:DASOSO]2.0.CO;2
Received: 9 February 2007; Accepted: 30 April 2007; Published: 1 August 2007
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