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1 August 2009 Heterapoderopsis bicallosicollis (Coleoptera: Attelabidae) : A Potential Biological Control Agent for Triadica sebifera
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Native to China, Chinese tallow, Triadica sebifera L. Small (Euphorbiaceae), is an invasive plant in the southeastern United States. The leaf-rolling weevil, Heterapoderopsis bicallosicollis Voss, is a common herbivore attacking this plant in China. To evaluate its potential as a biological control agent of T. sebifera, biology and host specificity of this weevil were studied in China. H. bicallosicollis occurs over a wide, native, geographic range and its immatures successfully develop at 15–35°C, indicating its physiological potential to establish and persist throughout the range of climatic conditions where the target plant grows in the United States. Adults make feeding holes on leaves. Before oviposition, the female makes a sealed leaf roll called a nidus and then lays one to two eggs inside. Eggs, larvae, and pupae develop within nidi, and larvae survive only when they develop inside the nidi. This requirement makes the weevil highly host specific to T. sebifera, In laboratory no-choice tests of 54 species from eight families, adults fed on only 3 plant species, T. sebifera, Sapium chihsinianum S. K. Lee, and Phyllanthus urinaria L. and only oviposited on T. sebifera. These results were confirmed where, in multiple-choice tests, adults only oviposited on T. sebifera. Given that T. sebifera is the only species in the genus Triadica in the United States, the results of this study suggest that H. bicallosicollis is a potential biological control agent of T. sebifera and should be considered to be imported into quarantine in the United States for further tests on native North American species.

Yi Wang, Jianqing Ding, Gregory S. Wheeler, Matthew F. Purcell, and Guoan Zhang "Heterapoderopsis bicallosicollis (Coleoptera: Attelabidae) : A Potential Biological Control Agent for Triadica sebifera," Environmental Entomology 38(4), 1135-1144, (1 August 2009).
Received: 7 March 2008; Accepted: 1 April 2009; Published: 1 August 2009

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