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1 August 2010 Temperature-Dependent Development of Chilocorus bipustulatus(Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
P. A. Eliopoulos, D. C. Kontodimas, G. J. Stathas
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Abstract

The effect of temperature on development and survival of Chilocorus bipustulatus L. (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), a predator of many scale insects, was studied under laboratory conditions. The duration of development of egg, first, second, third, and fourth larval instars, pupa, and preovioposition period at seven constant temperatures (15, 17.5, 20, 25, 30, 32.5, and 35°C) was measured. Development time decreased significantly with increasing temperature within the range 15–30°C. Survival was higher at medium temperatures (17.5–30°C) in comparison with that at more extreme temperature regimens (15 and >30°C). Egg and first larval instars were the stages where C. bipustulatus suffered the highest mortality levels at all temperatures. The highest survival was recorded when experimental individuals were older than the third larval instar. Thermal requirements of development (developmental thresholds, thermal constant, optimum temperature) of C. bipustulatus were estimated with application of linear and one nonlinear models (Logan I). Upper and lower developmental thresholds ranged between 35.2–37.9 and 11.1–13.0°C, respectively. The optimum temperature for development (where maximum rate of development occurs) was estimated at between 33.6 and 34.7°C. The thermal constant for total development was estimated 474.7 degree-days.

© 2010 Entomological Society of America
P. A. Eliopoulos, D. C. Kontodimas, and G. J. Stathas "Temperature-Dependent Development of Chilocorus bipustulatus(Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)," Environmental Entomology 39(4), 1352-1358, (1 August 2010). https://doi.org/10.1603/EN09364
Received: 11 December 2009; Accepted: 3 May 2010; Published: 1 August 2010
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KEYWORDS
biological control
Chilocorus bipustulatus
development
temperature
thermal constant
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